The tourism industry is huge, and education about traveling to farther-flung locations is becoming very popular as more and more travelers look for new places to visit based on others’ experiences.

How would you go about writing a tourism essay?

The first place to start is to consider what you are hoping to achieve with your essay, and who your essay is aimed at. 

There are lots of different factors to consider when structuring and planning an essay, including:

  • What is the story? Is it a positive, neutral or impartial account? This will impact the phraseology of the essay and the tone in which you write
  • Are you able to include memories or accounts of specific places, people or events? Making your essay personal and including small stories within an essay is a great way to make your writing engaging and genuine
  • What is the outcome of your tourism essay – are you recommending a place to visit? What were your experiences overall, and would you change anything were you to travel there again?

How to structure a travel essay?

The best essays which are easiest to read have a clear structure: 

  1. Clear introduction, explaining what the essay is about, why you are writing it, and whether there is a question or point that you wish to prove or disprove within your essay
  2. Well-structured paragraphs starting afresh with each different point to make the essay flow smoothly and be easy to follow. Jumpy paragraphs where a topic runs into a new subject line can cause the reader to lose the flow of the essay 
  3. Conclusion, summing up the point you wish to make in your essay and summarising your experienced and thoughts

Two sides of the tourism industry

As with every industry, whilst there are wonderful impacts on many places from tourism, there are also negatives.

Positive impacts of tourism can include:

  1. Economic benefits with income from tourism for the local economy
  2. Increased employment in the tourism industries
  3. Awareness and recognition of areas and places with cultural and historical importance

essay on the two sides of tourism industry

Negative impacts of tourism can include:

  1. Damage to wildlife and natural habitats due to overbuilding, poor waste management, or infrastructure not able to cope with increased numbers of tourists
  2. Displacement, where local people are not able to afford to live in areas due to the increasing cost of housing due to popularity with tourism property developers
  3. The exploitation of local people and natural resources to service the tourism industry

Dark tourism

The term dark tourism refers to tourist activities which have a morbid connotation. This can involve activities such as increased tourism to locations or sites which have a very sad history and attract a morbid fascination from people wishing to travel there and witness the site of a tragic incident. 

Examples of locations which have become tourist destinations and can be referred to as dark tourism include Ground Zero, the site of the 9-11 extremist attack, Chernobyl, where the world’s worst radioactive disaster occurred, or Auschwitz, the Nazi extermination camp used during the Second World War.

For many people, dark tourism is an uncomfortable phenomenon, and it can be difficult to understand why people would wish to spend their travel time visiting a place which is often the location of the death and suffering of many people. 

However, for some, it bears importance on their family heritage, and for others, they may feel a need to pay their respects to those who have lost their lives, often in unimaginable circumstances. Dark tourism can be a way of educating younger generations in the mistakes and pain of the past and learning from these places could be a way of garnering a better understanding of the future. 

Eco-friendly tourism

Increasingly popular, eco-friendly tourism involved tourist activities which center around responsible travel which does not have a negative impact on the environment, visiting locations which are of huge natural important, and having a little impact on that location as is possible.

This type of travel helps to raise awareness of the fragility of some eco-systems around the world, where education and understanding about how damage is occurring to the environment and the impact this is having can help understand what steps can be taken to preserve these habitats and environments.